Cultivars vs. Straight Species -- Viburnum Dentatum / Arrowwood Viburnum So where do you stand on the whole cultivar vs. species issue? Some varieties of lantanaphyllum viburnum (Viburnum x rhytidophylloides) have wrinkled, dark-green leaves up to 6 inches long and help control soil erosion. But during the autumn season, these bushes bear not only handsome, reddish fall foliage, but also violet black berries. Viburnum dentatum, commonly called arrowwood viburnum, is an upright, rounded, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub which typically matures to 6-10' tall with a similar spread, but may reach a height of 15' in optimum growing conditions. Arrowwood Viburnum Shrub is a Beautiful and Versatile Shrub. Established plants have some drought tolerance. It tolerates drought, as well as shade. The origin of the species name, dentatum, lies in the leaves' deeply toothed margins (dent- is the Latin stem for "tooth"). Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Two types of arrowwood viburnum sold at garden centers that are known for their glossy leaves are: Remove the suckers from these bushes if you wish to keep them contained within a specific area of your landscaping, else they will spread. Noteworthy Characteristics. Prefers moist loams, but tolerates a wide range of soils. Port City Press: Baltimore. Arrowwood – Reaches 6 to 15 feet (2-5 m.) tall, produces scentless white flowers and attractive dark blue to black fruits. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. American Cranberry – American cranberry viburnum reaches 8 to 10 feet (2.5-3 m.) in height, produces tasty red edible fruits in the fall. Variable fall color ranges from drab yellow to attractive shades of orange and red. Gleason, H.A. Glossy, dark green leaves turn yellow, orange or […] Most shrubs grow up to 8 feet tall and 10 feet wide. This shrub is versatile and can thrive in a variety of soil conditions with ease. It is a matter of knowing their life cycle. Arrowwood viburnum, or Viburnum dentatum, is an upright, multi-stem shrub, very popular in the American landscape. In autumn, these bushes bear not only attractive, reddish fall foliage, but also bluish berries. But, depending on the cultivar you choose, you can find much more to like about Burkwood. Background for native plantings. Somewhat smaller than Nannyberry, it has an especially beautiful form, often with one or more trunks and slender arching branches. The fall color is burgundy and the plant grows a bit larger than other selections, to 12' tall and wide. They reach a height of six to 15 feet, with a similar spread. Widely distributed in eastern North America, the strong, straight stems of native Viburnum dentatum shrubs were reportedly used as arrow shafts by several Native American tribes, hence the common name Arrowwood. You may have seen arrowwood (Viburnum dentatum) in a hedge. Two types of arrowwood viburnum sold at garden centers that are known for their glossy leaves are: Arrowwood Virburnum is a rugged species that is native from Maine south to Florida and west to Iowa and Texas. And their shade-tolerance makes them suitable in woodland gardens. It's an important host and nectar source for butterflies and moths. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Viburnum dentatum . 1984. It develops into a rounded shrub with lustrous leaves. Both the adult beetles and their larvae eat the leaves of these bushes. Arrowwood Viburnum – Viburnum Dentatum is a Small, Temperate Environment Shrub. Korean Spice Viburnum. How do you control viburnum leaf beetles? So consider growing a type that is Asian in origin; here are three that are listed as the most resistant to leaf beetles: Arrowwood viburnum shrubs are nothing if not versatile. Viburnum Dentatum Shrub, also known as arrowwood viburnum is beautiful and is also known as the Arrowood Viburnum. Arrowwood viburnum is an upright, multibranched shrub with slender, elongated, ascending branches and many shoots from the base. Viburnum dentatum, commonly called arrowwood viburnum, is an upright, rounded, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub which typically matures to 6-10' tall with a similar spread, but may reach a height of 15' in optimum growing conditions. In late spring it has fragrant white flowers which give way to dark colored berry-like drupes. Viburnum Arrowwood is truly a fasinating shrub bearing clusters of white flowers in spring. These large and attractive shrubs thrive in all soil types and exposures, growing to 12 feet (around 4 m.) in both directions. Status Please consult the PLANTS Web site and your State Department of Natural Resources for this plant’s current status (e.g. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Additional information on Viburnum dentatum can be found on the link: USDA / NRCS PLANTS Database. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Cold Stream Farm supplies Arrowwood Viburnum shrubs which are grown as bare root seedlings and transplants and sold both wholesale and retail with no minimum order. Tall hedge or screen. Port City Press: Baltimore. The wild birds will also eat the berries. They reach a height of six to 15 feet, with a similar spread. threatened or endangered species, state noxious status, and wetland indicator values). It can grow from 6-10′ and beyond in optimal conditions, with a comparable spread. 1991. The shrub can grow between six to ten feet tall but has been known to grow up to fifteen feet in height, depending on what the growing conditions are. Arrowwood viburnum, Viburnum dentatum, is a deciduous shrub found in the coastal plain and Piedmont regions.Its long, straight stems were once used by Native Americans to … Arrowwood makes an excellent, fast-growing backdrop for mixed shrub borders and native landscapes. Grown in zones 3 to 8 and reaching 4 to 6 feet high and wide, this bush, like arrowwood, is native to the eastern part of North America. Viburnum dentatum Southern Arrowwood FAC Impatiens capensis Spotted Jewelweed FACW ... Woody Plants of Maryland. Its glossy leaves and fragrant flowers may be its most obvious selling points. Later in the season, dark blue fruit appears and is much appreciated by songbirds. Some species of viburnum are more susceptible than others, according to Cornell's Dept. Arrowwood viburnum develops a round form with arching branches. Arrowwood viburnum (Viburnum dentatum) makes an ideal formal hedge or informal shrub. Nannyberry Viburnum (V. lentago) Rafinesque Arrowwood (V. rafinesquianum) - Similar to V. dentatum, but better adapted and … It is native to much of the eastern USA and can be found in NC in the Piedmont and mountain areas. Bees and other pollinators are abundant on Arrowwood Viburnum's spring flowers. Arrowwood viburnum gets its name from the fact that Native American tribes used the straight branches of this shrub to make arrow shafts. The remarkably in. Although widespread in eastern North America, this native plant is only known to exist in the wild in Missouri on wooded slopes along the Salt River in Shelby County.Genus name comes from the Latin name of a species plant.Specific epithet means toothed for the toothed leaves.Native Americans reportedly used the straight stems of this species for arrow shafts, hence the common name. Herbaceous Plants of Maryland. for Viburnum species). Viburnum Arrowwood Shrub. Otherwise no serious insect or disease problems. The individual florets grow in clusters usually found at the ends … Flat-topped clusters of white flowers in late spring are followed by blue-black, berry-like fruit, which are very attractive to birds and wildlife. Here at Garden of Aaron, I grow three types of Viburnum dentatum (arrowwood viburnum), which is native throughout much of the Southeast, Midwest and Mid-Atlantic and up into New England . There is also a preventative approach that you can take to control viburnum leaf beetle if you are still in the plant-selection stage and have not yet chosen a particular type of viburnum to grow. Brown, R.G. The multiple seasons of interest and incredible fall color make this a winning selection. North Americans should consider them when seeking shrubs with good fall foliage color. Their flowers range from sweetly fragrant to unpleasantly scented and are primarily creamy white, but can vary from white to pink. These two species are native to Kansas and produce abundant fruit that birds love. Mapleleaf viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium), Snowball Bush viburnum (V. opulus 'Roseum'), 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, 10 Best Deer-Resistant Shrubs for Landscaping, 29 Shrubs That Grow in Full or Partial Shade. The shrub produces a bluish-black drupe that matures in late summer and early fall. Arrowwood Viburnum (Viburnum dentatum) has lovely white flowers in May and June. Brown. Arrowwood Viburnum, Viburnum Dentatum, is a kind of small shrub that can be found in temperate environmental areas. For mapleleaf viburnum sports unusual pinkish fall foliage. Arrowwood viburnum, including Blue Muffin viburnum, ripens blue berries in late summer. Arrowwood viburnums are flowering shrubs, bearing clusters of white flowers in spring. Ovate, toothed, glossy dark green leaves (to 4" long). As is typically the case when you are trying to control a pest or disease, it is also a good idea to prune off dead branches whenever you find them. Vibrunum Dentatum shrubs are well known of being versatile. Previously viburnums were included in the plant family Caprifoliaceae; however, recently they have been moved into the family Adoxaceae, along with elderberries (Sambucusspecies). Lore. Grow the mapleleaf type if what you are looking for is not only a shrub with great fall color but also one that offers unique color. The Arrowwood Viburnum is a native plant that is a multi-stemmed, rounded shrub with dark green, glossy foliage. Several compact varieties top out at 5 to 6 feet (1.5-2 m.) tall. It was previously included in the honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae.. Watch for whiteflies. If you are looking for a flowering shrub that will add beauty to your landscape, one of the popular Viburnum shrubs may be a great addition. More compact than other Arrowwood viburnum, it fits easily into the residential landscape. Viburnum carlesii. Flowers give way to blue-black, berry-like drupes which are quite attractive to birds and wildlife. As a native plant, arrowwood viburnum requires less maintenance than non-native plants, but it does requir… Shrub borders. Flowers on old stems, prune after flowering. southern arrowwood. and M.L. dentatum. Has it all–fragrant flowers, bright berries, fall foliage. 'Morton' ( Northern Burgundy ®) - This selection blooms in late June and produces a prolific crop of blue-black fruit. vy-BER-num den-TAY-tum. Blue Muffin™ is a useful viburnum variety. Non-fragrant white flowers in flat-topped corymbs (to 4" diameter) appear in late spring. Clean white flowers make for a crisp contrast with the glossy green leaves in early to mid-summer. It can also grow very wide, so make sure to give it plenty of room to spread when planting. This will remove the egg masses before they can hatch in spring. Other garden worthy forms are Arrowwood Viburnum (Viburnum dentatum ‘Blue Muffin’) and Leatherleaf Viburnum (Viburnum rhytidophyllum ‘Allegheny’). The common name says it all. The glossy, green foliage produces white, flat-topped flowers in spring followed by blue berry-like fruit in the summer. If not controlled, this pest can defoliate your shrubs completely, leading to their death. Viburnum dentatum … Viburnums range in height from 2 feet to 30 feet. Leaves are opposite, simple, 1 to 4½ inches long, oval or rounded; coarsely toothed, strongly veined, with long leafstalks; dull … Plant taxonomy classifies arrowwood viburnum shrubs as Viburnum dentatum. Blackhaw (Viburnum prunifolium) is a forest understory shrub that also grows well in full sun. Viburnum dentatum, commonly called arrowwood viburnum, is an upright, rounded, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub which typically matures to 6-10' tall with a similar spread, but may reach a height of 15' in optimum growing conditions. It has white flowers which are borne in June, followed by clusters of blue-black berries and reddish-purple foliage in fall. In spring, small, white flowers mature in flat-topped clusters up to 4 inches wide. Not highly ornamental, but exceedingly winter hardy, vigorous and reliable. Very winter hardy, and reliable. Not only is this variety beetle-resistant, but it is also very fragrant. How to Use Arrowwood Viburnum in the Landscape. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Viburnum is a genus of about 150–175 species of flowering plants in the moschatel family Adoxaceae.Its current classification is based on molecular phylogeny. Two recommended by horticulturist, Michael Dirr are 'Conoy,' which is more compact (5 to 6 feet tall, 6 to 8 feet wide) and 'Mohawk,' which is grown for its orange-red-purple fall color. Likewise, you can grow these bushes in full sun, but you are not restricted to locations with bright sunshine: For homeowners not blessed with ample sunlight, happily, these are shrubs that grow in shade (partial shade or full shade). Arrowwood viburnums are flowering shrubs, bearing clusters of white flowers in spring. Look for the dwarf viburnum varieties, like ‘Papoose,’ only 4 feet (1 m.) tall and wide. So the best way to control them is to prune off such twigs (and properly dispose of them). Prune as needed immediately after flowering. of Horticulture. They will tolerate a range of soils, including wet soils and acidic ones. Likewise, if you wish to control their height, prune once per year after flowering is done. Arrowwood Viburnum is native to the US, extremely cold-hardy, deer-resistant, and pollinator-friendly. You will know that eggs have been laid by the leaf beetle if you see a row of dark spots on the underside of a twig. Viburnum dentatum is native from … Flowers give way to blue-black, berry-like drupes … In autumn, these bushes bear not only attractive, reddish fall foliage, but also bluish berries. Arrowwood Viburnum hedges flowering in spring. Gardeners grow snowball bush for the rounded shape of its white flower heads. This plant is part of the honeysuckle family. This common name is often misspelled, with one W dropped (a double W is unusual in English). The common name, "arrowwood" viburnum derives from the Native Americans' use of its strong, straight basal shoots as arrow shafts. Indeed, it is relatively rare in the English language to find a word that is less than ten letters in length yet has three sets of double letters, as is the case with a-r-r-o-w-w-o-o-d. Burkwood (8 to 10 feet tall, with slightly less of a spread, at maturity; zones 4 to 8) is a popular shrub because it offers many good qualities. The fruit appear slightly later than other selections and are a bit larger. The viburnum leaf beetle (Pyrrhalta viburni) has become a major problem for viburnums in Europe and North America. They are deciduous bushes native to the eastern half of North America. The southern arrowwood (Viburnum dentatum) has egg-shaped to round, coarse-toothed leaves and is distinguished from other arrowwoods by the velvety hairs on its twigs.On the ridges of the stream valley are trees more characteristic of drier areas, including the tulip tree (yellow poplar), mountain laurel, and Virginia or scrub pine. American Cranberrybush (Viburnum trilobum) European Cranberrybush (V. opulus) - Susceptible to snowball aphid twig and leaf distortion. Because they will tolerate wet soils, they are one of the good choices for areas of the yard that are too wet for many other plants. … and A. Cronquist. This doublefile viburnum is a beetle-resistant bush is showier to use in one's landscaping than arrowwood if you are primarily interested in flowers. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. Arrowwood is a native deciduous shrub that may grow 5 to 10 feet in height. Females penetrate the bark on the undersides of twigs in summer and lay their eggs, which overwinter in the cavities thus created. Non-fragrant white flowers … In addition, they provide the necessary cover to encourage wild bird activity in the yard, because they form dense thickets. Non-fragrant white flowers in flat-topped corymbs (to 4" diameter) appear in late spring. Moderate growing; reaches 10 to 15 ft. tall and wide. 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