Many cities got their start at or adjacent to the forts. Searchable listings of Ohio River hotels, motels, resorts, bed & breakfast, and more. [30] The river again ranked as the most polluted in 2013 and has been the most polluted river since at least 2001, according to the Ohio River Valley Water Sanitation Commission (ORSANCO). It is located in the Midwestern and Southern United States, flowing southwesterly from western Pennsylvania south of Lake Erie to its mouth on the Mississippi River at the southern tip of Illinois. Its current gentle, waters clear, and bosom smooth and unbroken by rocks and rapids, a single instance only excepted. The 1768 Treaty of Fort Stanwix opened Kentucky to colonial settlement and established the Ohio River as a southern boundary for American Indian territory. At Paducah, Kentucky, in the south, near the Ohio's confluence with the Mississippi, it is ice-free year-round. Ohio River Water Trail Map & Guide . Forts along the Ohio river include Fort Pitt (Pennsylvania), Fort McIntosh (Pennsylvania), Fort Randolph (West Virginia), Fort Henry (West Virginia), Fort Harmar (Ohio), Fort Washington (Ohio), and Fort Nelson (Kentucky). It is inhabited by fauna and flora of both climates. Fears that Louisville's transshipment industry would collapse proved ill-founded: the increasing size of steamships and barges on the river meant that the outdated locks could only service the smallest vessels until well after the Civil War. The movement across the Allegheny Mountains of British settlers and the claims of the area near modern-day Pittsburgh led to conflict with the French, who had forts in the Ohio River Valley. Thus Wheeling Island, the largest inhabited island in the Ohio River, belongs to West Virginia, although it is closer to the Ohio shore than to the West Virginia shore. Although such boats cruised on the Ohio River in an oval pattern up and down, the state of Kentucky soon protested. Shows river course from New Martinsville, W.Va. to Pittsburgh. [14] Its waters connected communities. There are many large tributaries that give the ohio river its size. It is available for use “as highway[s] for substantial interstate or foreign commerce” (33 CFR § 2.36). The south-flowing Marietta River (no longer in existence) ended between the present-day cities. The Osage, Omaha, Ponca and Kaw lived in the Ohio Valley, but under pressure from the Iroquois to the northeast, migrated west of the Mississippi River in the 17th century to territory now defined as Missouri, Arkansas and Oklahoma. The Ohio River Scenic Byway in Indiana is comprised of the following segments totaling 302.38 miles. Major river in the midwestern United States, The widest point on the Ohio River is just north of. The colonial charter for Virginia defined its territory as extending to the north shore of the Ohio, so that the riverbed was "owned" by Virginia. Ohio River Major Rivers of the United States Map. Cincinnati skyline showing the John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge to Covington, Kentucky. The map center team in addition to provides the supplementary pictures of Ohio River Locks and Dams Map in high Definition and Best mood that can be downloaded by click upon the gallery under the Ohio River Locks and Dams Map picture. Of the fifty states, it is the 34th largest by area, the seventh most populous, and the tenth most densely populated. Only Illinois, among the border states, has no significant cities on the river. Because the river is the southern border of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, it was part of the border between free states and slave states in the years before the American Civil War. The Ohio River becomes a tributary of the Mississippi River directly south of Cairo, Illinois, a small city on the spit of land where the rivers converge. Among rivers wholly or mostly in the United States, it is the second largest by discharge volume, the tenth longest and has the eighth largest drainage basin. The number in parentheses after the port's location corresponds to the numbered icons on the map. The overflowing lake carved through the separating hill and connected the rivers. Many small rivers were altered or abandoned after the upper Ohio River formed. Beaver Falls, PA 15010. Use, Administration, and Navigation 207.300 Ohio River, above Cairo, IL, and their tributaries; use, administration, and navigation. [Map of the Ohio River from Fort Pitt. Other cities of interest include Cairo, Illinois, at the confluence of the Ohio with the Mississippi River and the southernmost and westernmost city on the river; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, the easternmost city on the river at the head or Forks of the Ohio, where the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers join to create the Ohio; and Beaver, Pennsylvania, the site of colonial Fort McIntosh and the northernmost city on the river. The bedrock of the Ohio Valley was mostly set during this time. In this area, the river flowed over hard, fossil-rich beds of limestone. In the five centuries before European conquest, the Mississippian culture built numerous regional chiefdoms and major earthwork mounds in the Ohio Valley, such as Angel Mounds near Evansville, Indiana, as well as in the Mississippi Valley and the Southeast. [10], An earlier Miami-Illinois language name was also applied to the Ohio River, Mosopeleacipi ("river of the Mosopelea" tribe). It became a primary transportation route for pioneers during the westward expansion of the early U.S. Cities along the Ohio are also among the oldest cities in their respective states and among the oldest cities in the United States west of the Appalachian Mountains (by date of founding): Old Shawneetown, Illinois, 1748; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1758; Wheeling, West Virginia, 1769; Huntington, West Virginia, 1775; Louisville, Kentucky, 1779; Clarksville, Indiana, 1783; Maysville, Kentucky, 1784; Martin's Ferry, Ohio, 1785; Marietta, Ohio, 1788; Cincinnati, Ohio, 1789; Manchester, Ohio, 1790; Beaver, Pennsylvania, 1792; and Golconda, Illinois, 1798. It is inhabited by fauna and flora of both climates. The Ohio River Greenway Trail is a key segment of a "major" greenway corridor being developed in the "Keystone State" and is also serving to complete an essential section in a nationally, significant linear park system through the interconnection of existing trails in five states – Maryland, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. The largest northern tributary is the Wabash River. The upper Ohio River formed when one of the glacial lakes overflowed into a south-flowing tributary of the Teays River. [28] More escaping slaves, estimated in the thousands, made their perilous journey north to freedom across the Ohio River than anywhere else across the north-south frontier. Trading boats and ships traveled south on the Mississippi to New Orleans, and sometimes beyond to the Gulf of Mexico and other ports in the Americas and Europe. "[5] In the late 18th century, the river was the southern boundary of the Northwest Territory. Notes on the State of Virginia, "The Winding River Home: Pellissippi State researches the meaning of 'Pellissippi, "Presenter re-enacts 17th-century man's journey through Kanawha Valley", "The Planting of civilization in western Pennsylvania", "Bird's Eye View of Cumberland, Maryland 1906", "Put in Master's Pocket: Interstate Slave Trading and the Black Appalachian Diaspora", "Crossing the "Dark Line": Fugitive Slaves and the Underground Railroad in Louisville and North Central Kentucky (excerpt)", "Report: Ohio River most polluted in U.S.", "Ohio River again tops list for industrial pollution", "The Lawyer Who Became DuPont's Worst Nightmare", "Water Data Report: 07022000 Mississippi River at Thebes, IL Summary Statistics", "Present and future Köppen-Geiger climate classification maps at 1-km resolution", U.S. Geological Survey: PA stream gauging stations, Drafting and ratification of Constitution, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ohio_River&oldid=992699239, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Miami-Illinois-language text, Articles containing Shawnee-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia with a Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW with an wstitle parameter, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from Collier's Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 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